Considered one of the best churches in Madrid, you are facing a monumental complex which walls tell us about the history of Valdemorillo. This Church went through different stages of construction.
It is probable that the settlement of Valdemorillo were made next to the walls of an old church which remains can be observed in the inferior part of the north wall, in which, there are also traces of its later enlargements.
The ancient tower due to its trace, could correspond to one of the enlargements undertaken in the thirteenth century, it is notable for its access through a narrow stairway, embedded in the wall that separates it from the body of the church.
The last enlargement, in the XV century, was destroyed by a fire occurred in 1543.
The church began to be rebuilt in 1548 with an unknown design, but with a slight change of orientation that can be appreciated on the old tower and on the east wall.
The reconstruction works, in late Gothic style, lasted throughout Felipe II’s reign, under the direction of different master builders. The mark of these master builders can be seen in some singularities of their designs like the incomplete choir located on the north side near the high altar.
If we observe the keys of the nerves of the ribbed vaults we can discover symbols of the passion of Christ and the virgin: nails, pincers and hammer, crown of thorns, ladder, lilies, and in the keys of the vault of the Corolla inscription "Ending in the year of Ihesus Josep and Mary 1601"
The rest towards the feet is also covered, but with a wooden frame in a lower level.
The first buttresses appear to discharge on them the pressure of the vaults and to be able to extend the church to widen it.
The architect Bartolomé Elorriaga received the commission from the Parish’Priest Pedro de Cardeña the final project of the church that concludes with the construction of the main facade body or imafronte in Herreriano style. Elorriaga was a disciple of Juan de Herrera, the architect of the nearby Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial so our facade is very similar to the parish of El Escorial, although this one lacks a tower that was included in its original project.
With the last monarch from House of Austria, in 1676 (date engraved on a corner chair), the sacristy was enlarged by adding a body under the Old Tower, with Chapter Hall’s characteristics.
At the church entrance there is a baptismal chapel which pile dates from the XVII century.
The Church served as a refuge for the residents of Valdemorillo when in 1705, the Austrian suitor's troops ransacked the town and destroyed part of its buildings.
In the Civil War, during Brunete’s Battle the church was used as a warehouse and kitchen by The Republican Army, and burned much of the interior furniture and images. It received numerous impacts of projectiles on the part of the national side which are seen in different points of the facades.
After the war, an emergency reconstruction took place, replacing with metal the wooden ceiling supports that were in bad condition, reason why the walls are currently supporting a greater external pressure for which they were designed.
In the middle of the XX century a new pavement was installed and the floor of the church was removed to transfer the human remains to the cemetery. Nowadays inscriptions of the ancient tombs on stone are preserved.
On the other hand, the current altarpiece has been reconstructed with images of San Blas and Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, patroness of the church.
In the upper part of the altarpiece stands a Calvary of Christ of the XVII century.
Opening hours of the Church
Monday to Saturday: 8:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Sundays: from 8:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. and from 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Monday to Friday: 10 am and 8 pm
Saturdays: 10 h and 20 h
Sundays and holidays: 10 am, 11 am, 12.30 am and 8 pm